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减轻骨质增生的方法

网址:www.gushanggubing.com  2019-12-26  作者:admin    阅读:

首先,减轻骨质增生要及时治疗关节的损伤。关节损伤包括软组织损伤和骨损伤。关节的骨质增生经常与关节内骨折有直接关系。由于骨折复位不完全,造成关节软骨面不平整,从而产生创伤性关节炎。对于关节内骨折的患者,如果能够及时治疗,作到解剖复位,完全可以避免创伤性关节炎和关节骨质增生的发生,可以减轻骨质增生。
First of all, to reduce hyperosteogeny, it is necessary to treat the joint damage in time. Joint injury includes soft tissue injury and bone injury. Hyperosteogeny of joints is often directly related to intra-articular fractures. Because of incomplete reduction of fracture, the articular cartilage surface is not smooth, resulting in traumatic arthritis. For the patients with intra-articular fractures, if they can be treated in time and anatomically reduced, they can completely avoid the occurrence of traumatic arthritis and osteogeny, and can reduce osteogeny.
其次,避免长期剧烈运动可以减轻骨质增生。通常,长期、过度、剧烈的运动或活动是诱发骨质增生的基本原因之一。尤其对于持重关节如膝关节、髋关节,过度的运动使关节面受力加大,磨损加剧。长期剧烈运动还可使骨骼及周围软组织过度地受力及牵拉,造成局部软组织的损伤和骨髂上受力不均,从而导致骨质增生。
Secondly, avoiding long-term strenuous exercise can reduce hyperosteogeny. In general, long-term, excessive and strenuous exercise or activity is one of the basic reasons to induce hyperosteogeny. Especially for heavy joints, such as knee joint and hip joint, excessive movement increases the stress on the joint surface and increases the wear. Long term strenuous exercise can also cause excessive stress and traction of bone and surrounding soft tissue, resulting in local soft tissue damage and uneven stress on the bone and ilium, thus leading to hyperosteogeny.
最后,适当进行体育锻炼。要尽量避免长期剧烈的运动,并不是不活动,恰恰相反,适当的体育锻炼是预防骨质增生的好方法之一。适当的运动,特别是关节的运动,可增加关节腔内的压力,有利于关节液向软骨的渗透,减轻关节软骨的退行性改变,从而预防或减轻骨质增生,尤其是关节软骨的增生和退行性改变。
Finally, exercise properly. To avoid long-term vigorous exercise is not inactivity. On the contrary, proper physical exercise is one of the best ways to prevent hyperosteogeny. Appropriate movement, especially joint movement, can increase the pressure in the joint cavity, which is conducive to the infiltration of joint fluid into cartilage, reduce the degenerative changes of articular cartilage, so as to prevent or reduce the proliferation of bone, especially the proliferation and degenerative changes of articular cartilage.